Last Updated on 07/11/2022
How tight should a winter jacket be? Tight, loose, or somewhere in between?
In this guide, we explain why some winter jackets should fit tighter than others and how to tell if a winter jacket is too tight. By the end of this guide, you will know what size winter jacket to get for the perfect fit.
How Tight Should a Winter Jacket Be?
Winter Jackets should not feel tight. Some winter jackets are designed to have a close fit so that the insulation can work at its best, but never tight.
A winter jacket should feel snug when you zip it up but if you are wrestling to close the zipper then it is too tight. If you could wear a puffer jacket underneath your winter jacket comfortably then it is probably too loose. Ideally, you want to be able to wear a least three or more layers underneath your winter jacket as well as a hardshell over the top if your jacket isn’t fully waterproof.
Wearing a few layers underneath your winter jacket does add some bulk so it is always better to get a winter jacket that is too loose as opposed to too tight. It’s no big deal if a winter jacket feels tight over the top of multiple thick layers but if you wear it like that all the time then try a size up.
How to Test if a Winter Jacket is Too Tight
There are a few simple tests you can perform when trying on a winter jacket to make sure it isn’t too tight or loose.
1. Check the Sleeves
How tight should a winter jacket be around the arms? To check if the sleeves are too tight or too short, the first test you can do is to stretch your arms out to the sides, straight out in front of you, straight above, and then at full stretch. How does it feel on the wrist, elbow, and bicep and can you feel it pulling anywhere?
On a really good winter jacket, the sleeves will not ride up very much at all and will accommodate a full range of arm movement. If the jacket is too tight you will feel it on your forearms and just behind your elbow.
If you do this test and the sleeves do ride up your arm a little this is ok. But if the cuff of the sleeves moves more than a couple of inches then you might be able to find a better-fitting jacket elsewhere. Winter climbing jackets score very highly on this test as they are designed for stretching up.
2. Test The Length
To check if a winter jacket is a good length all you really need to do is look in the mirror. If the bottom of the jacket is above or on the belt line then your jacket is probably a bit too short and tight for your frame.
To test how well it will perform when you are out in real-world situations you can do similar stretch tests as with the sleaves. When you stretch up high, does the jacket expose your belly button or does it hardly move? Does it have an adjustable waist and if so does it help?
One thing I always test for after stretching up high is whether the jacket will ride up when I ride a bike. To do this simply adopt the pose of a mountain biker by leaning forwards and stretching your arms out wide in front of you. Observe how it moves in the lower back.
A final test on the length is to wear a backpack and walk around a little bit. Does it pull your jacket halfway up your back or does it sit nicely?
3. Shoulders and Pits
You can test to see if the shoulders and pits are too tight on a winter jacket by trying it on and giving yourself a hug. Wrap your arms around your shoulders and see how much stress you can feel – this is the hug test. If you aren’t able to reach around the back of your arms as you normally would then there is a good chance the jacket will feel too tight in winter with other layers underneath.
Where the sleeves meet the main body of a jacket is one of the most uncomfortable places for a winter jacket to be tight as it limits how much you can move your arms. If you can feel a pinch on your armpit from the jacket then I would certainly avoid it (even if it is the one you originally wanted).
4. Flex the Back
You can test how tight a winter jacket feels across your back by doing the hug test mentioned above. A very similar test you can do is to lift your elbows up as high as possible and then bring one elbow under the other to really flex the material to its limits. If your jacket still doesn’t feel tight across your shoulder blades after this then you probably have a jacket that is too large.
5. Adjust the Waist
Having an adjustable waist on your winter jacket has a lot of advantages starting with sealing in heat, keeping out the cold wind, and getting the best fit. Some ultralight down jackets don’t have adjustable cords and instead should come in close around your waist and be elasticated for the most comfort.
Most jackets with an adjustable waist will have a loose fit until you adjust them. This does sometimes mean that your jacket bunches up a bit but if you allow the material to fold right above the hem you can get a snug fit without it feeling too tight. Some waterproof winter jackets will have a high waist toggle as well as a lower one which can be used to pull in all the bunched material.
6. Neck: Tuck Your Chin in
The way you test to see if a winter jacket feels tight around the neck is to fully zip it up and close any extra poppers and buttons all the way up including your hood. Can you tuck your chin into your jacket? If you can’t then your jacket might be a bit tight. You don’t want a lot of empty space around your neck for heat to escape but it absolutely should not feel tight.
If you have a thick neck like one of my good hiking buddies then you may have conceded to leaving the top of the zip open at the top. This is fine, just wear a scarf or neck buff.
7. Zip it Up
Everyone does this when they try a winter jacket on anyway but observe how easily it comes together and zips up. If zipping the front up feels like putting on a corset then skip to a larger size. Remember, in the cold of winter you will often be putting on layers underneath, and if it is too tight without them then you won’t even be able to zip it up when you need to.
How Tight Different Types of Winter Jackets Should Be
There are so many different winter jacket styles out there it is hard to give an answer that covers all of them without being misleading. This is why it is we will explain how the different kinds of jackets should feel. Here is a breakdown of each type of winter jacket and whether they should fit tight, loose, or somewhere in between:
Down Winter Jackets
How tight should a down jacket be for winter? Down jackets should fit close to y /our skin without being tight. You should easily be able to wear a base layer, t-shirt, fleece, and hoodie underneath without feeling too claustrophobic. The beauty of down jackets thought is that they often have a little stretch in them.
One place where down jackets should be almost tight is around the hem, wrist cuffs, and neck so that you don’t lose all the precious heat you generate. Most down jackets are not waterproof and so they can’t be so big that a hardshell won’t fit over the top.
Puffer Winter Jackets
How tight should a puffer jacket be for winter? Puffer jackets are just the same as down jackets although they often don’t have as many baffles and are a little bit chunkier/heavier.
Puffer jackets are so big and warm that they are often designed to used on their own instead of as part of a multiple-layer system. For this reason, they can fit very close over nothing but a t-shirt as long as they don’t feel tight.
Insulated Rain Jackets
How tight should an insulated jacket be for winter? As with any waterproof rainwear, no matter how breathable it is, it won’t stop you from sweating. This is why insulated rain jackets should have a relaxed fit that allows some air movement inside. Insulated rain jackets are probably the most common type of budget winter jacket.
How tight should a parka jacket be for winter? Parka jackets are another coat that is designed to be somewhat oversized. They reach down past your hips and have a big hood but because they are so long they need to be looser fitting lower down. The sleeves and upper body can fit a little closer.
One thing that helps with maintaining freedom for your legs when walking with a parka jacket on is if the zip doesn’t run all the way to the bottom and there are some lower side vents.
How tight should a wool jacket be for winter? Wool is such an amazing material, we talk about it a lot. But there are some compromises you have to make with the tightness of winter wool jackets.
First of all, for a wool jacket to be warm enough for winter it has to be fairly thick. The problem with thick wool fabric is it gets quite bulky and can restrict movement around the arms and shoulders. Another issue you face with winter jackets made from wool is that if it is too tight, whenever you sit down, crouch, or climb, the top of the jacket can be pushed up into your neck which isn’t the nicest feeling.
Waterproof Hard Shell
How tight should a waterproof jacket be for winter? If you are taking the route of layering underneath a waterproof then you should look for a good fit and then order a size up. If you are testing hard shell waterproofs for winter then be sure to wear a few layers so that you get a true representation of how it will fit.
Waterproof jackets should never be skin-tight as they need some space for air to flow. If your rain jacket is too tight you will end up getting soaked from your own sweat before the rain gets in.
Waxed Cotton or Canvas Jackets
How tight should a waxed cotton or canvas jacket be for winter? Just like with wool anoraks – waxed cotton and waxed canvas jackets have less mobility and so need to fit a little bit looser. If a waxed jacket is too tight you will have very limited movement in your arms and be in danger of damaging the zip when you sit down.
Should Winter Jackets Be Tight or Loose?
Just like when choosing some ski pants, you don’t want your winter jacket to be too tight or too baggy. It should feel comfortably close when you wear your jacket over a single layer like a t-shirt. But not so close that when you put on a hoody or two that it feels tight and restricts movement.
It is better to get a jacket that is slightly too loose than a winter jacket that is too tight to put additional layers on underneath.
Layering Underneath Winter Jackets
Layering is crucial in all cold-weather clothing. The difference between an insulated winter jacket and other underlayers though is that your jacket will provide the bulk of the warmth. The baselayers worn underneath are usually thin, moisture-wicking, and have thermal properties. You can use these in multiple layers that can be stripped off when you get hot or put back on when it cools down or you stop moving.
Winter Jackets With a Slim Fit
As mentioned above, some jackets are designed to be slim fitting which a few people may regard as being tight. I own many down and ultralight synthetic insulation jackets that have a very slim fit for the size on the label. They are designed this way because lofty insulation like down works best when it is close to your body.
Other jackets like parkas and waxed cotton coats generally have a looser fit due to them having less flexibility and so they need more material to allow for free movement.
I personally prefer a slim fit to a loose one regardless of the type of winter jacket but the truth is I have lots of oversized jackets I wear with a couple of hoodies underneath in freezing temperatures.
Loose Fitting Winter Jackets
Winter jackets that have a lot of insulation stuffed in them or are made from thick or non-stretchy fabric will often have a slightly loose fit. This is absolutely normal and in fact, is what enables you to maintain good mobility with your arms. Waxed cotton and canvas jackets like those made by Fjallraven for winter bushcraft are often quite large and not tight at all.
How Should a Winter Jacket Fit For a Woman?
How tight should a women’s winter jacket be? As well as getting a good fit on the arms, shoulders, waist, and lengthwise, women also have to think about their bust size. It can be hard to find a women’s winter jacket that isn’t too tight in one place and loose in another. Always test your jacket fully zipped up to make sure you feel comfortable performing a range of movements with your arms.
We hope this guide on how tight should a winter jacket be has helped you choose the correct size.